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Envisioning LGBT Refugee Rights in Canada: Is Canada a Safe Haven? September, 2015

This report looks at the experiences of lesbian, gay, bisexual and trans (LGBT) asylum seekers living in the GTA and the experiences of community service providers. It offers 37 recommendations for improving policies and services.
For the research, eight community partners organized focus groups with 92 asylum seekers, and service provider focus groups were also held. The research was conducted in 2012-2014, a time of significant change in Canada’s immigration and refugee system.

Download PDF Report Here

Download PDF Executive Summary Here

Envisioning LGBT Refugee Rights in Canada: The Impact of Canada's New Immigration Regime By Rohan Sajnani, June 2014

This report examines the impact on LGBT asylum seekers in Canada of federal Bill C-31 (December 2012) and the resulting Protecting Canada’s Immigration System Act, as well as other recent changes. It explores Canada’s international obligations, Canadian LGBT refugee jurisprudence, stereotyping, credibility assessment, resettlement, refugee health care and concludes with recommendations.

Download PDF Report Here

Download PDF Executive Summary Here

Envisioning LGBT Refugee Rights in Canada: Exploring Asylum Issues
By Nick J. Mulé and Erika Gates-Gasse, June 2012

The report is based on a Round Table Dialogue in Toronto with members of 14 organizations, as well as two conference presentations by Envisioning. It provides a preliminary overview of issues for LGBT asylum seekers, including: their experiences and obstacles; ways that service providers are trying to meet their needs; service gaps; and the impact of current legal changes, especially Bill C-31. Envisioning convened the Round Table to seek input from service providers to shape the continuing research and to reach out to refugees and asylum seekers for interviews. The report is intended for use by the sector, especially in working with policy makers and decision makers. 

Download PDF Report Here

International Dialogue and Training on LGBT Human Rights: Focus on Strengthening the Caribbean Response and Linking Regional and International Advocacy around the world
Saint Lucia, Feb 3-6, 2012

Organized by Envisioning Global LGBT Human Rights, ARC International, and United and Strong, the Dialogue was a four-day international conference and capacity enhancement workshop, with 60 participants from the Caribbean, South Pacific, Africa, India, the US, Canada and Europe, held in Saint Lucia. The agenda included workshops on: documenting Human Rights violations; sharing decriminalization strategies; international human rights mechanisms; current status of SOGI advocacy, achievements and challenges; international, regional and local strategies, building respectful partnerships;  Envisioning partners meeting, video training and documentation of the dialogue and caucus on law, political strategies, public education, religion/tradition/culture.

Download PDF Report Here 


Human Rights, Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in the Commonwealth: Struggles for Decriminalisation and Change
Corinne Lennox and Matthew Waites (eds.) School of Advanced Study, University of London, 2013

Chapters by academics and activits in this book on LGBT issues in the Commonwealth cover sixteen states focusing on the relationship of past and pressent struggles for decriminalization. Envisioning researchers have contributed three chapters to this innovative book:
  • Chapter 6: Gary Kinsman, Wolfenden in Canada: within and beyond official discourse in law reform struggles
  • Chapter 12: Monica Tabengwa with Nancy Nicol, The development of sexual rights and the LGBT movement in Botswana
  • Chapter 14: Adrian Jjuuko, The incremental approach: Uganda's struggle for the decriminalisation of homosexuality
Buy the Book or Download Individual Chapters Here


"Is Criminalization Criminal?: Antisodomy Laws and the Crime Against Humanity of Persecution" 
By Josh Scheinert.

Abstract: This Article argues that the enforcement of antigay laws, which most often criminalize consensual sex between men, can constitute the crime against humanity of persecution. By analyzing the instances of enforcement of antigay laws around the world and the jurisprudence on the crime against humanity of persecution, this Article demonstrates that under certain conditions, enforcement of antigay laws satisfies the material elements of the crime as defined in the ICC’s Rome Statute.

The article was originally published in 24 TUL. J.L. & SEXUALITY (2015),

Download PDF paper here

Envisioning Global LGBT Human Rights: Strategic Alliances to Advance Knowledge and Social Change
By Nancy Nicol, Nick J. Mulé and Erika Gates-Gasse.

Abstract: The Envisioning Global LGBT Human Rights research project involves working collaboratively with community partners, both local and international. This article presents the research currently being conducted and some of the challenges in undertaking knowledge engagement between academia and the community with the project’s Canadian, African, and Caribbean partners by means of participatory action research (PAR). Specifically, the article gives examples of the project’s work and explores the following topics: work with Global South partners and marginalized communities; strategic alliances; knowledge production and mobilization; and methodologies that have contributed to successes or challenges. Knowledge engagement at the international level, with its variances in resources, power, and autonomy, increases the demands of such work and the need for sensitivity in reaching the goals of the project and those of all of its stakeholders.

This article was originally published in Scholarly and Research Communication, volume 5 / issue 3 / 2014.

Download PDF paper here


Title: LGBTQ Refugees Lack Mental Health Care
Author: Sarah Hall
Published at: The Trauma and Mental Health Report and Psychology Today and Moods Magazine
Link for Psychology Today post:
Link for Moods Magazine post:

Title: Refugee System Perpetuates Trauma for LGBTQ Asylum Seekers 
Author: Sarah Hall
Published at: The Trauma and Mental Health Report

Title: Sexual Freedom Only Part of the Equation for LGBTQ Refugees
Author: Sarah Hall

Published at: The Trauma and Mental Health Report